A Gum disease is a serious gum infection that can damage the gums and can destroy the jawbone. It is also known as periodontal disease and periodontitis which is an inflammatory condition that affects the tissues surrounding a tooth which is the main reason for tooth loss. It starts with the toxins produced by the bacteria growth inside the mouth which can damage the teeth’s connective tissue and bone. If not treated properly may lead to destruction of the tissue and fostering tooth loss.
Signs of Gum Disease: While progressing painlessly the gum disease may produce few signs at the last stages of the disease. Sometimes the root of the tooth becomes exposed causing tooth sensitivity. Also pus may be produced and pockets may form between the gum and tooth. Below are some common signs of gum diseases which you and your dentist can look for:
- Bleeding gums during and after brushing
- Red, Swollen or Sensitive gums
- Bad breath or bad taste in mouth
- Receding gums
- Loose or teeth that are appearing to be shifted
Improper Dental Hygiene: Plaque is the primary cause of Gum disease. If it is not removed through daily dental hygiene practices and regular professional dental cleanings, bacteria may get evolved i and cause gingivitis that will result in gum disease.
Organic Changes in the Mouth: Hormonal changes that occur in metabolism and hormone during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation makes gum more sensitive, which may affect the organic balance in the mouth.
Medical Conditions: The body’s ability to produce sugar gets affected in serious conditions (such as diabetes or kidney disease) which may result to periodontal disease. Illness may also affect the condition of your gums and has been found and proved by the Center for Disease Control. The medications used to address these types of issues may be responsible for overgrowth of gums. These overgrown gums are more bacteria prone and hence the disease.
Saliva Flow Inhibitors: Some medications may affect the oral health due to which the flow of saliva gets reduced resulting in dry mouth syndrome. Seniors may be more susceptible to dry mouth syndrome because of the natural reduction of salivary flow associated with age.
Poor Functional Habits: Bad habits such as smoking make it harder for gum tissue to repair itself. Other bad oral hygiene habits such as not brushing daily and flossing may cause gum disease.
Treatments:There is various numbers of treatments available to those who are suffering from gum disease which depends upon the severity of the condition.
Your dentist will evaluate the extent of the damage in order to develop a conservative initial plan. This evaluation will help to determine if plaque is being removed on a daily basis or not.
Tissue Regeneration is the new technique which involves grafting the bone to offer a better chance of bone re-growth. This technique is applied when your bone has been destroyed and to strengthen thin gums, soft tissues grafts may also be used.
There is another advance technology called Guided tissue regeneration which involves the insertion of a membrane to help in bone regeneration process. This is sometimes useful during periodontal surgery.
Pocket Elimination Surgery
Surgery may be part of the treatment plan to help prevent tooth loss resulting from gum disease. Below given are some surgical options:
- The pocket gap is reduced between the teeth and gums by performing Periodontal flap surgery.
- In case if the jaw bone is cratered by bacteria, the bone can be reshaped through a bone surgery which helps to eliminate the craters and prevent the future bacteria growth.
- Laser therapy is used to reduce the pocket size but has not been tried out practically yet. There is noexistence of any evidence to support the idea of Laser therapy to restore damaged connective tissue.
Cost of Treatment: The cost of Gum treatment depends on several factors. For Example, additional routine tooth cleaning or scaling or root planning procedure at the gingivitis stage may get required in order to prevent the effect of disease. In this case, the cost of treatment will be affected further.
Other factors affecting costs include:
- Technology used in the procedure
- Location of your dentist
- Type of Dental insurance you have
- Type of treatment plan required.