Dentures is the material constructed to replace the missing teeth and they are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. These are also known as false teeth. There are many denture designs out of which some rely on bonding or clasping or dental implants. This can be used to replace missing teeth for people with no remaining teeth or for the people who have lost several teeth only. The appliance in this case may be called as either partial or overdenture. These dentures are designed so well that they are comfortable and functional to improve your smile and facial appearance. The appearance is very similar to the natural teeth.
Preparation & placement: Your dentist will examine your gums and supporting bone structure to identify the appropriate treatment plan and evaluate the need for dentures during your first dental visit.
In order to correct the bony ridges that may interfere with the stability of the denture oral surgery is performed in some cases. Once it is fixed that dentures are right for you, the dentist will take an impression of the gums to identify every ridge to make out the best possible fit to your teeth. In some other cases the remaining teeth may need to be extracted.
A denture is placed to enable proper healing of the extraction sites where the teeth needs to be removed and serve as an aesthetic replacement for your natural teeth.Untill final dentures can be made the immediate dentures can be easily modified for changing ridge contours. While constructing the immediate dentures, dentists use a shade and mold chart to choose replacement teeth which closely matches with your natural teeth, thus minimizing the changes in appearance.
Final dentures: The conditions for forming complete dentures are when the gums are restored to a healthy condition and sufficient time has passed for healing. All the teeth in the upper or lower jaws of the mouth are being replaced by these complete dentures. From six to 12 months, the gums will naturally shrink through the healing process of tooth loss.During this period the immediate dentures may require changes to adjust the gums and underlying bone structure changes. This may require soft and hard relining procedures.
These dentures should be removed at night while sleeping no matter whether they are complete dentures, overdentures and partial dentures. This helps the gums to get wet completely by saliva which has important properties of naturally occurring flora in the oral cavity. Saliva is very useful for maintaining a healthy mouth.
Dentures care: The healing depends upon practicing healthy dental hygiene while wearing dentures. There is a risk which can develop a serious medical condition of oral irritation resulting from improper dental hygiene. These include conditions like periodontal disease, leukoplakia (thickened white, potentially harmful patches on mucus membranes, also called smoker’s tongue) and fungal infections (denture stomatitis).
It will take some time with practice learning to adjust to the feel of new dentures to chew with them. It should begin by slowly chewing on very small pieces of soft food, using both sides of the mouth simultaneously. Once the comfort and confidence increases you can later progress towards larger pieces of soft food and then proceed towards harder foods.
Cost: Several factors which decide the cost of your denture procedure are as below:
- The possible requirement of an additional procedure such as extractions of remaining teeth or oral surgery to refine bony ridges.
- A prosthodontist specializes in making dentures may charge more for his services.
- Location of the dentist
- Type of dental insurance coverage
- The complexity
- Dental materials selected by the patient and the dentist. For Example, highly cross-linked polymer denture teeth are more aesthetic and do not wear as much as conventional plastic teeth and are more expensive. There are different metals which can be used in removable partial dentures that may also increase the cost.
- The type of warranty offered. Some warranties may be for one to two years, while others may run up to 10 years.
Choosing a Dentist:While investigating the denture procedure it is important to enquire about the dentist’s training and experience. Many general dentists offer the treatment; prosthodontists receive three years of advanced training in restorative dentistry. This makes them to be a better or more experienced option for you to choose the best when it comes to denture or an alternative like implants or bridges. The American college of prosthodontists offers additional resource information about the training of prosthodontists in the U.S.