These also Known as “caps,” which preserves the functionality of damaged teeth. This common dental restoration is used to protect a cracked tooth, restore functionality of a tooth with excessive decay or replace a pre-existing crown.
Consultation & treatment planning: Crowns are suggested by your dentist – if you have undergone root canal treatment or tooth decay or damage is so extensive that veneers, direct composite bonding aren’t viable treatment options. Crowns can be easily customized in dental laboratories or at dentist’s clinic depending on the material whether it will be used to restore a damaged tooth or create an artificial tooth replacement for an implant.
As a part of your consultation, impressions of your existing teeth will be taken as a reference to create the same shape and size of your restoration. These impressions will be used to make models for designing the new length, shape and alignment of your teeth and you can have a trial of your new smile before proceeding to the treatment.
Procedure: A molded impression of your teeth is prepared and sends it to a dental laboratory for performing the crown procedure. Since the time final restoration is made ready in the dental laboratory a temporary crown is placed in order to protect the damaged teeth. Dentists are using recent technologies like CAD/CAM technology (Computer aided design/manufacturing) to display a 3-D picture of the teeth. The restoration is cemented through milling of a ceramic block. But if this technology is there within the dental office, the need for a temporary crown can be reduced.
Recovery & Aftercare: Once your permanent crown is placed, you will be provided with all the information regarding Do’s and Dont’s and about caring for your new restoration. These includes basic measures like brushing twice daily and flossing with dental floss or interdental cleaners once a day in order to maintain proper oral hygiene. As a result these practices will help you to remove plaque from the area where crown meets gum and prevent dental decay and gum disease.
Some tips goes like this, Biting your fingernails & grinding your teeth should be completely avoided as these would significantly shorten it’s life-span. Also avoid chewing hard foods, ice or other hard objects as they will damage the crown. If still you can’t avoid your habit of grinding your teeth your dentist will suggest you to wear a night-time mouth guard to offer protection while sleeping.
Cost: The cost of the dental crown procedure will be depending upon various factors which may be technical demands of the treatment, expertise and location of the dentist or the equipment used.
Crown materials:There are three basic options of restorative materials used for building a crown. They are:
- Porcelain fused to metal
- All ceramic
The material is selected is determined by the clinical demands, aesthetic demands, strength requirements, durability and restorative space available.
Choosing the right dentist: To decide the best possible design with proper anatomical features, arts and science are important factors. The dentist and the laboratory technologist play a crucial role in the treatment procedure.
The material choices and technologies for today’s crowns are new and it is important for the dentist to know how much experience he has with the equipment used in the procedure. The level of expertise may vary dentist to dentist as per their experience of treatment done.
A Bridge is a type of fixed dental restoration which is used to replace one or more missing tooth by joining an artificial tooth to adjacent teeth. It will cover the area where a tooth is missing.There are several types of fixed dental bridges and they are conventional fixed, cantilever and resin bonded bridges. Conventional and cantilever bridges shapes the teeth covering the missing teeth. And then crowns are being placed on to the shaped teeth which are attached to an artificial tooth also known as pontic.
Consultation & treatment planning: Once it is determined by your dentist that bridge is the best replacement for your missing teeth or tooth, different materials will be advised to you which can be used in the dental laboratory to make your restoration. Depending upon the place in the mouth where the bridge will be placed the availability of material depends. The material availability also depends upon other factors like your grinding and clenching of your teeth, dental insurance coverage and others factors outlined by your dentist. The various bridge combination used while fabricating can be porcelain and metal, porcelain and gold or some high-strength metal-free materials like zirconia or alumina.
As a part of process, X-rays and impressions of the treatment area will be taken by your dentist with preoperative photographs which will be used for planning an ideal restoration for you. The preparation of the bridges depends upon the number of consecutive teeth you are missing which can be two or more units. Two crowns are cemented to the teeth on both sides of the space called as abutments with one or more false teeth to fill the space. After the filling the spaces additional impressions are being taken by your dentist.
Are you a candidate?: To know whether you are the right candidate or not, the health of your gums and other teeth needs to be evaluated by your dentist during your first visit to clinic. The dentist then prepares teeth which can support the bridge with the help of local anaesthesia. The problem arises when the support teeth are decayed or badly damaged and the dentist has to build them back up before they can be used as supporting teeth.
Recovery & aftercare: Special caring tips will be given to you by your dentist after the bridge has been cemented into the place to maintain the performance and longevity of your restoration along with the health of your teeth and gums. Proper brushing with fluoride toothpaste should be done twice each day in order to protect the build-up of plaque and bacteria. The areas surrounding your bridge between the pontic and underlying gum tissue should be properly and thoroughly flossed with a special floss threader.
Bridge Cost:The cost of the dental bridge depends upon the several factors like mentioned below:
- The potential need for additional procedures (fillings or root canals) in one or two of the adjoining teeth.
- Dentist’s technique and Laboratory equipments
- Location of the dentist.
- Your dental insurance coverage.
- Type of material used in building bridge
- Preparation of artificial teeth